Monday, 7 February 2011

Electronic Structure. A bit further detail.

Basically, In GCSE, you were lied to because you were (And probably still are) too dumb to understand the concept that orbitals are fake. Kinda.


Electrons are actually held in Subshells within Shells.


Capacity Hierarchy:
Sub-shells > Shells > Orbitals


So starting from basic to complex:



  • Shells are the big "Circle" or "Orbit" around the element.
  • Sub-shells are smaller shells that form the big Shells. 

  • The number of Subshells in a Shell = The number of the shell. 
Like this!
  • For example, Shell 3 (n=3) has 3 sub orbitals.
  • Subshells come in different capacities.
'S' can hold  2 electrons.
'P' can hold  6 electrons.
'D' can hold 10 electrons.
'F' can hold 14 electrons.

  • Orbitals are the very small thing. A part of a subshell. There is a maximum of 2 electrons held in each orbital. 

In summary, this is the hierarchy of electronic configuration of Sub-shells:
For example (Putting this into use)
The electronic sub-shell configuration of Gold:
1s2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s2, 3p6, 3d10, 4s2, 4p6, 4d10, 4f14, 5s2, 5p6, 5d10, 6s1

Where as the first number (Before the letter) is the Energy Level.
Where as the second number (After the letter) is the Number of Electrons held in the subshell.

Putting it into order to make it look tidy:
 The things this can tell us:





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